• 918博天堂(中国)维基百科

    ?????ڵ?λ?ã???ҳ / ??Ϣ??Ѷ / ??ҵ??׼
    GB3836.1-2000 ??ը?????廷???õ????豸??1???֣?ͨ??Ҫ??
    ??Դ???ٶ??Ŀ⡡???????????15878???????ڣ?2014??6??16??

     

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    ????????׼?Ǹ??ݹ??ʱ?׼IEC600079-0??1998????ը?????廷???õ????豸 ??0???֣?ͨ??Ҫ?󡷶?GB3836.1-1983?????޶??ģ??ڼ???????????IEC600079-0??1998??Ч????д????????֮??ͬ??????GB-T1.1-1993?Ĺ漲??
    ????????׼?ڡ???ը?????廷???õ????豸?????ܱ????·????²??֣?
    ??????1???֣?ͨ??Ҫ??
    ??????2???֣???????“d”
    ??????3???֣???????“e”
    ??????4???֣????ʰ?ȫ??“i”
    ??????5???֣???ѹ??“p”
    ??????6???֣???????“o”
    ??????7???֣???ɰ??“q”
    ??????9???֣???????“m”
    ?????ڸ???IEC60079-0??1998?޶?GB3836.1-1983ʱ??Ϊ???????????豸?ǽ?????????ǵķ??????⣬?????˶???????ǵ???ȼ??Ҫ?󡣼?????E??
    ????????׼????????GB3836.1-1983?еIJ??????ݣ?
    ????1?? ???????????Ӧ?ҹ???????????Ʒ???????Ҫ??????¼A??
    ????2?? ????????豸?ķ???Ҫ?????????ҹ?ú??ʪ??????????????Ҫ?󣬼???¼C??
    ????3?? ?????ֳ?ʽ??֧??ʽ???꣨?Լ??????IJ??װ?ã???Я??ʽ?????DZ????ƾߵ???ǣ??ɲ??ÿ???ǿ?Ȳ?????120MPa???Ұ?GB13813?漲??Ħ???????鷽?????˺ϸ????Ͻ????졣?????????ݣ??Խ???ҹ?ijЩ?????ֳ?ʽ?????豸???????????⣨??8.3????
    ????????׼??GB3836.1-1983??ȣ?????????Ҫ?ı䣺
    ????1?? ??׼???Ƶ??޶???????????ը?Ի????÷????????豸????Ϊ????ը?????廷???õ????豸????
    ????2?? ????????ը???????????޶?Ϊ??ը?????廷????
    ????3?? ???????Ϊ????????ɶѻ???????????DZ???????ơ???ֹ?????ɶѻ??Ľṹ??ʩ???????ϻ??漲????ȼ???ܹ漲?ȣ?
    ????4?? ?޶???????????豸????????????þ???Ĺ漲??
    ????5?? ??ӵ????Ӽ??ijߴ??޶?Ϊ???ڽӵ????Ӽ??ߴ?һ????
    ????6?? ??????ǵı??????????????޶?Ϊ??????ࣨ10±0.5??mm??????100±1??mm??????1±0.2??mm????ƽ??ֱ?߶μ?ĵ???ֵ??
    ????7?? ??????ExԪ?????۶????????װ?á?????ƺ?ñ?Ƶ????ݣ?
    ????8?? ?????鱨???????????ϵ???ȼ???顢?????͹??ϻ????顢??Ͻ?Ħ???𻨰?ȫ??????ȣ?
    ????9?? ????????豸?ޱ?????͸???????ڸ߻?еΣ?յ?????£??????????????GB3836.1-1983??10J??Ϊ7J????????黷???¶??ɣ?25±10?????޶?Ϊ??20±5??????
    ????10?? ȡ???˲???͸????????????ͷ?????????Ĺ漲??
    ????11?? ?????????豸????ʱ??ֻҪ?????쳧????????????йص????ϣ??????????йع?????Ʒ??????֤?ļ????ϵ?Ҫ??
    ????????׼?DZ?ը?????廷???õ????豸??????׼???????????豸??Ʒ??׼?뱾??׼?ִ?ʱ??Ӧ?Ա???׼??
    ????????׼??ʵʩ֮????ͬʱ????GB3836.1-1983??
    ????????׼?ĸ?¼A????¼C????¼D????¼E????¼F???DZ?׼?ĸ?¼??
    ????????׼?ĸ?¼B????¼G??????ʾ?ĸ?¼??
    ????????׼?ɹ??һ?е??ҵ???????
    ????????׼??ȫ???????????豸??׼??????ίԱ???ڡ?
    ????????׼??ݵ?λ????е??ҵ???????????????о?????ú̿??ѧ?о???Ժ??˳??Ժ???????Ժ???????????????о????ȡ?
    ????????׼??Ҫ????ˣ??????á?????ѧ?????ٹ⡢?????ꡢ??????????????
    ????????׼1983??8???״η?????2000??1?µ?1???޶???
    ????????׼ί??ȫ???????????豸??׼??????ίԱ?Ḻ????͡?
    ????IECǰ??
    ????1?? ???ʵ繤ίԱ?ᣨIEC????һ???????Եı?׼????֯???????????еĹ??ҵ繤????ίԱ?ᣨIEC National Committees????ɵġ?IEC????ּ??Ϊ?˴ٽ??繤???????йر?׼????????????Ĺ????Ժ?????Ϊ??Ŀ?ģ???????????⣬IEC????????ʱ?׼????׼?ƶ?ί?и???????ίԱ????С??ڸ?׼???????У??Ը?ר?????Ȥ???κ?IEC????ίԱ?ᶼ???Բμӡ??ڱ?׼???ƶ??У??????Եġ?????????????Լ???IEC?йص???֯??Ҳ???Բ???ù?????????????֮֯??Э?̵???????????IEC???ܵ?????ʱ?׼????֯??ISO????????
    ????2?? IEC???ڼ??????????ʽ?????Э?鶼?????ܵط?ӳ???ʼ??һ?????????Ϊ?Ը?ר???ر????Ȥ?ĸ?????ίԱ???ڸü???ίԱ???ж??д????μӡ?
    ????3?? ???Ǿ??й?????ͨ?õ??Ƽ???ʽ???Ա?׼???????????ָ?ϵ???ʽ???棬?????????????Ϊ??????ίԱ???Ͽɡ?
    ????4?? Ϊ?˴ٽ????ʼ??ͳһ??IEC??????ίԱ?ᶼͬ???ڱ?????׼???????Ա?׼???????????Χ?ڲ???IEC???ʱ?׼??IEC??׼?͸?????Ӧ??׼???????Ա?׼֮?????в?𣬾?Ӧ?ڸ????ұ?׼???ı???????ر?????
    ????5?? ???ʵ繤ίԱ?ᣨIEC??????׼????û?й漲????˶?????ij?豸???Ϲ??ʱ?׼??ij????׼ʱ?????ʵ繤ίԱ?᲻?е??κ????Ρ?
    ????6?? ֵ??ע????DZ????ʱ?׼??ijЩ???ֿ????漰ר??Ȩ?????ʵ繤ίԱ???ijЩ??ͬ??ȫ????ͬ???????κ????Ρ?
    ???????ʱ?׼IEC60079-0??IECTC31“??ը?Ի????õ????豸????ίԱ???ƶ???
    ?????õ?3?潫ɾ???ʹ???1983?????ĵ?2?汾???ҽ????˼????޶???
    ?????ù??ʱ?׼????CENELEC?????ŷ?ޱ?׼EN 50014??1992??Ϊ?????ƶ??ġ?
    ????????׼???????ļ?Ϊ????

    ????׼ͶƱ??׼??ȫ????????????ϱ????е?ͶƱ?????в鵽??
    ??????¼B?͸?¼C???ɱ???׼?????巋?֡???¼A?͸?¼D?ǷDZ?׼???ݡ?
    ????1 ??Χ
    ????1?? 1????׼?漲?˱?ը?????廷???õ????豸??Ex????װ?á?ExԪ???Ľṹ??????ͱ?־??ͨ??Ҫ?󼰼??????1]
    ????????˵??
    ????1]IEC60079-0???޼??????ľ???漲??????׼?ڸ?¼A?м??Թ漲??
    ????1?? 2????׼???????з?????ʽר?ñ?׼??????޸ġ?
    ????GB3836.2 ??ը?????廷???õ????豸 ??2???֣???????“d”
    ????GB3836.3 ??ը?????廷???õ????豸 ??3???֣???????“e”
    ????GB3836.4 ??ը?????廷???õ????豸 ??4???֣????ʰ?ȫ??“i”
    ????GB3836.5 ??ը?????廷???õ????豸 ??5???֣???ѹ??“p”
    ????GB3836.6 ??ը?????廷???õ????豸 ??6???֣???????“o”
    ????GB3836.7 ??ը?????廷???õ????豸 ??7???֣???ɰ??“q”
    ????GB3836.9 ??ը?????廷???õ????豸 ??9???֣???????“m”
    ????GB7957 ???ð?ȫñ??
    ????1?? 3 ???ϱ?׼?ͱ???׼????????ҽ?õ????豸?????????????????????Ǻ͵???·?????ǡ?
    ????ע
    ????1 ????????????ʽ?⣬GB3836.8?޻???“n”Ҳ?????ڱ?ը?Ի???
    ????2 ?????豸???ñ?׼??1.2??ר?ñ?׼δ?????ķ?????ʽʱ???????鵥λ?Ͽɣ?????Ϊ?????͵????豸????־Ϊ“s”
    ????2 ???ñ?׼
    ???????б?׼???????????ģ?ͨ??????׼?????ö?????Ϊ????׼?????ġ?????׼????ʱ????ʾ?汾??Ϊ??Ч?????б?׼???ᱻ?޶???ʹ?ñ???׼?ĸ???Ӧ̽??ʹ?????б?׼???°汾?Ŀ????ԡ?
    ????GB-T70-1985 ??????Բ??ͷ?ݶ???eqv ISO4762??1977??
    ????GB-T77-1985 ??????ƽ?˽????ݶ???eqv ISO4026??1977??
    ????GB-T78-1985 ??????׶?˽????ݶ???eqv ISO4027??1977??
    ????GB-T79-1985 ??????Բ???˽????ݶ???eqv ISO4028??1977??
    ????GB-T80-1985 ?????ǰ??˽????ݶ???eqv ISO4029??1977??
    ????GB-T2423.4-1993 ?繤???Ӳ?Ʒ?????????????? ????Db??????ʪ?????鷽????eqvIEC60068-2-30??1980??
    ????GB3836.11-1991 ??ը?Ի????÷????????豸 ??????鰲ȫ??϶?ⶨ??????eqv IEC60079-1A??1975??
    ????GB3836.12-1991 ??ը?Ի????÷????????豸 ?????????????ﰴ??????????鰲ȫ??϶????С??ȼ?????ķּ???eqv IEC60079-12??1978??
    ????GB4208-1993 ??Ƿ????ȼ???IP???룩??eqv IEC60529??1989??
    ????GB-T4942.1-1985 ?????Ƿ????ּ???eqv IEC60034-5??1981??
    ????GB-T5277-1985 ???̼? ???????ݶ?ͨ?ף?eqv ISO273??1979??
    ????GB-T5782-1986 ????ͷ??˨-A??B????eqv ISO4014??1979??
    ????GB-T5783-1986 ????ͷ??˨һȫ????-A??B????eqv ISO4017??1979??
    ????GB-T6031-1998 ???𽺹???Ӳ?ȵIJⶨ??30??85 IRHD?????????鷽????idt ISO48??1994??
    ????GB-T6170-1986 1????????ĸ A??B????eqv ISO4032??1979??
    ????GB-T7957-1987 ???ð?ȫñ??
    ????GB-T9145-1988 ??Ʒ???̼????еȾ??? ??ͨ???Ƽ??޳ߴ磨eqv ISO965/2??1980??
    ????GB-T9341-1988 ???????????????鷽????eqv ISO178??1975??
    ????GB-T11020-1989 ?????????????Ե????ϱ?¶????ȼԴ??ȼ?????ܵ????鷽????eqv IEC707??1981??
    ????GB-T11026.1-1989 ȷ????????Ե?????????Եĵ??? ?ƶ??ϻ????鷽?????????????????ܹ?̣?eqv IEC60216-1??1987??
    ????GB13813-1992 ú???ý???????Ħ???𻨰?ȫ?????鷽?????ж?????
    ????JB-T7192-1995 ??Ʒ???̼?????ͨ????ѡ??ϵ??
    ????IEC60079-4??1975 ??ը?Ի????÷????????豸 ??4???֣?ȷ????ȼ?¶ȵ????鷽??
    ????IEC60192??1973 ??ѹ?Ƶ?
    ????IEC60216-2??1990 ȷ????????Ե?????????Եĵ??? ??2???֣??????жϱ?׼??ѡ??
    ????IEC60662??1980 ??ѹ?ɵ?
    ????IEC60947-1??1996 ??ѹ???غͿ????? ??1???֣??ܹ??
    ????ISO179??1993 ???? Ӳ???ϰڴ?ʽ???????ǿ?Ȳ???????
    ????ISO286-2??1988 ???????ϵ?ISOϵͳ ??2???֣??׺???ı?׼????ȼ??ͼ???ƫ???
    ????ISO527-2??1993 ???? ???????ܵIJ??? ??2???֣????????Ϻ?ģѹ????
    ????ISO1817??1985 ???? ??Һ??Ӱ??IJⶨ
    ????ISO4892-1??1994 ???? ??¶??ʵ???ҹ?Դ?????鷽??
    ????3 ????ͷ???
    ????????׼???????ж???ͷ??š?
    ????3??1 ?????豸 electrical apparatus
    ????ϵһ?????õ??ܵ??豸??????Ͳ??֣??緢?硢??硢??硢??硢??⡢???ڡ????????õ??豸?͵?Ѷ?????豸?ȡ?
    ????3??2 ??ը?Ի??? potentially explosive atmosphere
    ???????ܷ?????ը?Ļ?????
    ????3??3 ??ը?????廷?? explosive gas atmosphere
    ?????????????£????塢????????״?Ŀ?ȼ????????????ɵĻ????ڸû?????е?ȼ??ȼ?ս?????????δȼ?????Ļ?????
    ????3??4 ?????ñ?ը?Ի???? explosive test mixture
    ???????ڷ????????豸??????ض???ը?Ի???
    ????3??5 ??ը?????廷??????ȼ?¶? ignition temperature of an explosive gas atmosphere
    ????????IEC60079-4?漲?ķ???????????ʱ???ܹ???ȼ??ը????????????????ȱ???????¶ȡ?
    ????3??6 ?????¶? service temperature
    ?????豸?ڶ????ʱ???ﵽ???¶ȡ?
    ????3??7 ??߹????¶? maximum service temperature
    ?????????¶ȵ????ֵ??
    ????ע??ÿ???豸?IJ?ͬ??????߹????¶ȿ??ܲ?ͬ??
    ????3??8 ??߱????¶? maximum surface temperature
    ?????????豸?????????????????????ʱ??????????һ???ֿ??ܴﵽ?IJ??п?????ȼ??Χ??ը???廷????????¶ȡ?
    ????ע
    ????1 ???쳧Ӧ???????Ʒ??׼??????????п?????????????
    ????——??????ʽ?йر?׼?漲?Ĺ?????????
    ????——??????׼?漲???????????????????쳧?ϿɵĹ???״̬??
    ????——???쳧?漲????????????????
    ????2 ?˴??????߱????¶ȿ???????????¶?Ҳ???????ڱ????¶ȣ???ȡ???ڷ?????ʽ??
    ????3??9 ??? enclosure
    ????Ϊʵ?ֵ????豸??????ʽ??????ȼ???IP???????бڡ??š??ǡ?????????װ?á??ˡ?ת?ᡢ????ȹ??ɵ????塣
    ????3??10 ??????ʽ type of protection
    ????Ϊ??ֹ?????豸??????Χ??ը?????廷????ȼ????ȡ???ض???ʩ??
    ????3??11 ??Ƿ????ȼ???IP??degree of protection of enclosure(IP)
    ????????ǰ??ӷ???IP?????Ա????????豸???
    ????——??ֹ??Ա????????ڲ????粿???ͻ???????⻬??ת?ἰ???Ƽ????⣩??
    ????——??ֹ????????????豸?ڲ???
    ????——??ֹҺ?????????豸?ڲ???
    ????ע???ṩ?????ȼ?IP????Dz??ص?ͬ1.2???з?????ʽ???豸??ǡ?
    ????3??12 ?ֵ rated value
    ?????????쳧?????????Թ漲?豸??װ?û?Ԫ????????????һ????ֵ??
    ????3??13 ? rating
    ?????ֵ???????????ļ??ϡ?
    ????3??14 ????????װ?? cable entey
    ??????????һ?????????»????????????豸?ڲ????ܱ?֤???????ʽ??װ?á?
    ????3??15 Ex???????װ?? Ex cable entey
    ??????Ϊһ???豸???????鰱ȡ֤?????豸???һ??װ???????ٷ?֤??ĵ???????װ?á?
    ????3??16 ????????װ?? conduit entey
    ??????????????????豸?ڶ??Ա??????????ʽ??һ??װ?á?
    ????3??17 ѹ??Ԫ?? compression element
    ????????????װ?õ?һ?????ڶ??ܷ?Ȧʩ??ѹ???Ա?֤????Ч???ܵ?Ԫ????
    ????3??18 ?н?װ?? clamping device
    ????????װ???????ڷ?ֹ???±??????Ťת??Ӱ?쵽???Ӽ???Ԫ????
    ????3??19 ?ܷ?Ȧ sealing ring
    ?????ڵ??¡?????????װ???У?Ϊ??ȷ??????װ??????»򵼹?֮????ܷ????????õĻ?״?
    ????3??20 ???߿?ǻ terminal compartment
    ????????????Ƿ?????????????????һ???֣????????????ͨ????ͨ?İ??????Ӽ??Ŀ?ǻ??
    ????3??21 ???Ӽ? connection facilities
    ?????????????·???߽??е??????ӵĶ??ӡ??ݶ????????????
    ????3??22 ??Ե?׹? bushing
    ???????ڽ?һ?????????崩????DZڵľ?Եװ?á?
    ????3??23 ExԪ?? Ex component
    ???????ܵ???ʹ?ò????з???“U”???????????????豸??ϵͳһ??ʹ??ʱ??Ҫ??????֤?ı?ը?????廷???õ????豸?IJ??????????Ex????????װ?ó??⣩??
    ????3??24 ????“X”“X” symbol
    ????һ?ּ??ڷ????ϸ?֤??ź?ı????䰲ȫʹ???ض??????ķ??š?
    ????3??25 ????“U”“U” symbol
    ????һ?ּ??ڷ????ϸ?֤??ź?ı????ò?ƷΪExԪ???ķ??š?
    ????ע??????“X”??“U”????ͬʱʹ?á?
    ????3??26 ֤?? certificate
    ????????ȷ???豸???ű?׼??Ҫ????ʽ???????Ӧ????????????ļ???֤????????Ex?豸??ExԪ????
    ????ע??֤??????????쳧???û??????????IECEx??ϵ?Ͽɵ???֤????????????֤????????Ȩ?ĸ??˰䷢??
    ????4 ?????豸??????¶????
    ????4??1 ??ը?????廷???õ????豸??Ϊ??
    ???????ࣺú???õ????豸??
    ???????ࣺ??ú???????????ը?????廷???õ????豸??
    ????????ú??ĵ????豸???䱬ը?????廷?????˼????⣬???ܻ??????????ɷݵı?ը??????ʱ??Ӧ???????????????Ӧ?????Ҫ?????????ͼ??顣?õ????豸Ӧ????Ӧ??׼??????Exd??/??BT3??Exd??/????NH3??????
    ????4??2 ????????豸???԰???ը??????????Խ?һ?????ࡣ
    ????4??2??1 ?????????“d”?ͱ??ʰ?ȫ??“i”?????豸?ַ?Ϊ??A????B????C?ࡣ
    ????ע
    ????1 ???ַ?????ڸ????͵????豸????????鰲ȫ??϶??MESG???????ڱ??ʰ?ȫ?͵????豸????С??ȼ??????MIC?????֣?????¼B????
    ????2 ??־??B???豸??????????A?豸??ʹ??????????־??C???豸??????????A????B?豸??ʹ????????
    ????4??2??2 ???з?????ʽ??????????豸??ΪT1~T6?飬????5.1.2???????߱????¶??йصı?־??
    ????4??3 ?????豸???԰?ijһ?ض???ը????????м??飬?ڸ?????£??????豸Ӧȡ????Ӧ??֤??ͱ?־??
    ????5 ?¶?
    ????5?? 1 ??߱????¶?
    ????5??1??1 ????????????豸??????߱????¶?Ӧ??23.2??Ҫ?????й??ļ??й漲??
    ??????߱????¶Ȳ?Ӧ??????
    ????——150???????????豸??????ܶѻ?ú??ʱ??
    ????——450???????????豸???治??ѻ????ȡ??ʩ???????ܷ??????ͨ?磩???Է?ֹ?ѻ?ú??ʱ???????豸??ʵ????߱????¶?Ӧ???????ϱ?ʾ?????????ڷ????ϸ?֤??֮??ӷ???“X”??
    ????ע???û?ѡ??????????豸ʱ??????¶ȳ???150?????豸?????Ͽ??ܶѻ?ú??ʱ????Ӧ????ú????Ӱ?켰???Ż??¶ȡ?
    ????5??1??2 ????????豸Ӧ????27.2??6???Ĺ漲???¶ȱ?־???????Ȱ???1????¶ȷ??飬???ʵ????߱????¶ȡ???Ҫʱ???????޶?ʹ?õ????????ơ?
    ??????1 ????????豸????߱????¶ȷ???

    ??5??2 ?????¶?

    ?????????豸Ӧ????ڻ????¶?Ϊ-20??~+40????ʹ?ã??ڴ?ʱ???踽?ӱ?־??
    ???????????¶ȳ?????????ΧӦ??Ϊ????????????쳧Ӧ???????¶ȷ?Χ???????и??????????????ϱ??????Ta??Tamb?????⻷???¶ȷ?Χ????27.2??9???漲?ڷ????ϸ?֤??ź?ӷ???“X”??????2????
    ??????2 ʹ?û????¶Ⱥ͸??ӱ??

    5??3 ?????¶Ⱥ???ȼ?¶?
    ??????߱????¶?Ӧ???ڱ?ը?????廷??????ȼ?¶ȡ?ijЩ?ṹԪ???????ܱ??????????10cm2ʱ??????߱????¶??????ʵ????ȼ?¶ȶ????????????????豸???????а?ȫԣ??ʱ????Ԫ??????߱????¶??????????????豸?ϱ?־??????¶ȣ?
    ????a) T1??T2??T3??????豸Ϊ50????
    ????b) T4??T5??T6???????????豸Ϊ25????
    ?????????ȫԣ??Ӧ???????ƽṹԪ???ľ??飬??ͨ???????豸????Ӧ?ı?ը?Ի?????н???????????֤??
    ????ע??????ʱ????ȫԣ?ȿ?ͨ????߻????¶ȵİ취???ﵽ??
    ??????????·?е?СԪ????߱????¶ȵ?????ԣ?Ȱ?GB3836.4?Ĺ漲??
    ????6 ?????е????豸?Ĺ漲
    ????6?? 1 ??ը?????廷???õ????豸Ӧ???ϱ???׼?Ĺ漲????????1.2??????????ʽר?ñ?׼?Ա???׼????????
    ????ע??????????豸????һЩ?????????????????磺???????????ӡ???ʪӰ?졢??ѧ????Ӱ?졢?????¶ȵı仯?????û?Ӧ˵????ЩҪ?󣬲??????û??????쳧֮???̶???Ӧ?Ĵ?ʩ??????????豸????Ҫ?????¼C1]
    ????????˵????
    ????1]IEC60079-0?ж?????????豸????Ҫ???޾???漲??????׼???ӵ?“????????豸????Ҫ??????¼C??
    ????6??2 ????????š??ǵ?????ʱ??
    ????6??2??1??װ???????Ҿ??п춯ʽ?Ż?ǵĵ????豸??ǣ??ɶϵ??????ǵ?ʱ????????ڵ??????ŵ???????ʣ???????????ʱ?䣺
    ????——??????ѹ??200V??????ʱ??
    ??????A????A?????豸??0.2mJ
    ??????B?????豸??0.06mJ
    ??????C?????豸??0.02mJ
    ????——??????ѹ????200Vʱ??ʣ??????ֵ??Ϊ????????ֵ??2????
    ????6??2??2 ??װ??Ԫ???Ҿ??п춯ʽ?Ż?ǵĵ????豸??ǣ??ɶϵ??????ǵ?ʱ???????????Ԫ???¶Ƚ??????ڵ????豸??????߱????¶??????ʱ?䡣
    ????6??2??3 Ӧ?辯???Ʊ???6.2.1??6.2.2?漲??ʱ???????磺?ŵ??X???ӷ??ɴ???XΪ?????ӳ?ʱ?䣩???????б?ը??????ʱ??????ľ????ơ?
    ????7 ?ǽ?????Ǻ???ǵķǽ???????
    ?????ǽ?????Ǽ????????ʽ????????Ƿǽ?????????Ӧ??23.4.7?Ĺ漲???????顣???????ʽ???????ܷ?Ȧ????¼D3.3?Ĺ漲???顣
    ????7?? 1 ???ϵĹ漲
    ????7??1??1 ??23.2???쳧?ṩ??????Ӧ?漲??Ǽ???Dz????IJ??Ϻͼӹ????չ??̡?
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    • 918博天堂(中国)维基百科

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